Mercredi 31 mai 2017 - 23h20 - Arte
à revoir en replay pendant 7 jours
Documentaire: Le cinéma dans l'oeil de Magnum
Durée : 54min
Année et origine : 2015, France
Réalisateur: Sophie Bassaler
À l’occasion des 70 ans de Magnum, retour sur le lien noué entre les photographes de l'agence mythique et le monde du cinéma. Une plongée unique dans le regard des créateurs, parmi lesquels Robert Capa, Cartier-Bresson, ou Josef Koudelka.
L'agence Magnum, créée en 1947 par Robert Capa, est intimement liée au cinéma depuis soixante-dix ans. Ses photographes iconiques, Capa lui-même, Cartier-Bresson, ou plus tard Josef Koudelka ont accompagné des tournages, leurs réalisateurs et leurs vedettes. Ils ont ainsi documenté des scènes de vie quotidienne, de travail, ou choisi de s'écarter du cadre pour immortaliser leur propre vision artistique. Venant du reportage de guerre ou du documentaire, ces photographes du réel ont appliqué leurs méthodes de travail à ce monde d’illusions : appareil léger, lumière naturelle, photo sur le vif et sans retouches. Marilyn Monroe, James Dean, Kate Winslet, Michelangelo Antonioni ou Theo Angelopoulos sont passés sous l'œil de l'agence, instaurant un lien unique qui ne s'est pas défait en soixante-dix ans.
Fiction et réel
C’est par amour pour l’actrice Ingrid Bergman que Robert Capa prend la toute première photo de cinéma de Magnum sur le tournage des Enchaînés d’Alfred Hitchcock, inaugurant cette histoire entre l’agence et le cinéma. À partir de nombreux récits inédits, le documentaire retrace toute une vie d’histoires croisées entre deux mondes qu’a priori tout oppose : la fiction et le réel, comme cette rencontre en 1994 entre le réalisateur Theo Angelopoulos et le jeune photographe Josef Koudelka. Ils puiseront dans les Balkans, lieu de tournage du film Le regard d'Ulysse, des clichés et plans extraordinaires, tout en gardant chacun leur signature unique. Un témoignage passionnant sur le regard des créateurs, artistes de l'image, qu'ils soient derrière une caméra ou un appareil photo.
Qui veut dormir avec le fantôme de Marilyn Monroe ?
par Marc Fourny
en ligne sur lepoint.fr
La dernière demeure hollywoodienne de la star est en vente pour 6,9 millions de dollars. Avec la fameuse chambre où elle poussa son dernier soupir.
La bâtisse n'a rien d'un château hollywoodien doré sur tranche comme on peut en trouver dans la Cité des anges. Il s'agit d'une modeste hacienda des années 1920, construite par un comptable des studios hollywoodiens au fond d'un cul-de-sac, dans le quartier de Brentwood, proche du Pacifique. Quatre chambres, trois salles de bain, une piscine et une cour à l'ombre des palmiers. Un petit havre de paix, chic et bohême, sur un terrain de plus de 2 000 mètres carrés, avec ses pièces de plain-pied, ses toits de tuiles, ses grilles en fer forgé et des bougainvilliers qui s'accrochent au crépi blanc.
Quand Marilyn Monroe découvre la maison, en 1961, c'est le coup de foudre : elle adore le solarium, le pavillon d'amis, son cachet espagnol vintage... Elle l'achète pour moins de 100 000 dollars et entreprend de la meubler dans le style colonial, en allant dévaliser les boutiques de décorateurs à Mexico. À l'époque, elle tente de remonter la pente tant bien que mal... Shootée aux médicaments, accro à l'alcool et épaulée par son médecin personnel et son psychiatre Ralph Greenson, ses caprices ont fini par agacer les studios.
Elle a commencé le tournage difficile de Something's Got to Give, en conflit avec la Fox, et sa vie privée est un fiasco complet : après son récent divorce avec le dramaturge Arthur Miller, elle vient de se faire larguer par le président John Kennedy... Malgré tout, elle n'abandonne pas et projette même de se remarier avec son ex Joe DiMaggio. Une date a même été fixée : le 8 août 1962. En attendant, elle déballe ses cartons, prend la pose pour le magazine Life, fait un saut sur les plateaux, et tient le coup avec des somnifères.
Mais, le 5 août, la police investit subitement le 12305 5th Helena Drive, LA. Le corps sans vie de la star gît sur son lit, un drap sur la tête, laissant apercevoir quelques mèches blond platine. Sa gouvernante et son psychiatre, qui n'habite pas loin, ont donné l'alerte après avoir découvert la scène. Officiellement, Marilyn, 36 ans, a succombé à une overdose de Nembutal, un barbiturique. Mais la version du suicide n'a cessé d'être remise en cause depuis plus de cinquante ans. L'actrice a-t-elle été supprimée par la mafia ? Par les Kennedy qui craignaient un chantage ? Emportée par un mélange fatal de médicaments mal dosés par ses différents médecins ? Si les murs pouvaient parler...
Star sur écoutes
Les théories complotistes n'ont fait qu'empirer quand on a découvert tout un système illégal d'écoutes dans les pièces de la maison, lors de gros travaux de rénovation entrepris dans les années 1970... Depuis, la villa est passée de main en main, prenant de la valeur à chaque revente. En 2010, elle était estimée à 3,6 millions de dollars, en 2012 à déjà 5 millions et aujourd'hui à presque 7. Le prix à payer pour dormir dans les murs de la star défunte. Si les fantômes ne vous effraient pas...
Dimanche 16 avril 2017 - 20h55 - Numero 23
Film Biopic: My week with Marilyn
Durée : 1h42min
Année et origine : 2011, USA
Réalisateur: Simon Curtis
Acteurs: Michelle Williams, Eddie Redmayne, Julia Ormond, Kenneth Branagh, Pip Torrens, Geraldine Somerville, Michael Kitchen, Miranda Raison, Karl Moffatt...
L'histoire: Été 1956, Colin Clark décroche un job sur un plateau de cinéma en Angleterre, il rencontre alors Marilyn Monroe qui est venue tourner un film accompagnée de son mari Arthur Miller. Colin ne sait pas encore qu’il va passer une semaine incroyable…
> Sur le blog: fiche du film My week with Marilyn
C'est une Marilyn Monroe vue de profil, blanche en tutu (référence de la séance en tutu par Greene) et chaussée qui figure sur l'affiche de la 6ème édition du Festival de cinéma franco-américain (Champs Elysées Film Festival) organisé du 15 au 22 juin 2017.
> site officiel champselyseesfilmfestival.com
> portrait par l'artisle Lucille Clerc
Dimanche 9 avril 2017 - 23h25 - Arte
- à revoir en replay pendant 7 jours-
Documentaire - Harold Lloyd
L'intrépide génie comique d'Hollywood
Durée : 53min
Année et origine : 2016, Allemagne
Réalisateur: Andreas Baum
Avec Buster Keaton et Charlie Chaplin, il fait partie des comiques les plus inventifs du cinéma muet américain. Aussi habile à imaginer des gags visuels qu'à réaliser d'incroyables cascades – souvent grâce à d'ingénieux trucages –, Harold Lloyd a connu la célébrité à l'écran plus de deux décennies durant, jusqu'à l'avènement du parlant. Né en 1893 dans le Nebraska, l'acteur a débuté, sans le sou, comme figurant dans les studios californiens avant de commencer, au début des années 1910, une fructueuse collaboration avec le producteur-réalisateur Hal Roach, puis de s'en émanciper en créant son propre studio. Régalant le public avec les pitreries de son personnage à lunettes, le comédien est notamment entré dans la mémoire collective avec la scène, où, bravant le vide, on le voit s'accrocher à l'aiguille d'une horloge (Monte là-dessus, 1923). Oscar d'honneur pour l'ensemble de sa carrière en 1953, propriétaire de l'une des plus luxueuses propriétés de Beverly Hills, Harold Lloyd a tenu la vedette de plus de deux cents films, du court au moyen métrage, avant de se consacrer avec le plus grand sérieux à d'autres hobbies, comme le bowling et la photographie 3D. Raconté par des historiens du cinéma ainsi que par sa petite-fille, Suzanne Lloyd, nourri d'extraits de films muets, d'archives et d'anecdotes, le portrait savoureux de l'une des premières gloires du cinéma américain.
Warren Beatty took a 'soulful' walk with Marilyn Monroe the night before she died
October, 7, 2016
en ligne sur nydailynews.com
It could have been Warren Beatty's affair to remember.
The Hollywood legend was one of the last people to see Marilyn Monroe alive, he recalled in a new interview with Vanity Fair.
Beatty and Monroe met Aug. 4, 1962, at Peter Lawford's house in Santa Monica, California.
Lawford, also an actor, invited Beatty over for a night of tacos and poker, and Monroe, a longtime friend of Lawford, was there.
“I hadn’t seen anything that beautiful,” he said in the interview.
The blonde buxom asked a then 25-year-old Beatty if he wanted to walk along the beach.
“It was more soulful than romantic," the 79-year-old recounted of their telling stroll.
Later, he played the piano for her and Marilyn was "wearing something so clingy that he could tell she wasn't wearing underwear."
Beatty also noticed that she was "already tipsy from the champagne" even "before the sun had set."
The next day, Beatty got a phone call from Harold Mirisch, brother of Hollywood producer Walter Marisch, who told him Marilyn had died from an overdose at age 36.
Six Decades In, Warren Beatty Is Still Seducing Hollywood
October, 6, 2016
en ligne sur vanityfair.com
He also briefly encountered Marilyn Monroe. Peter Lawford had invited him out to his house in Malibu for a night of tacos and poker, and Monroe was there. “I hadn’t seen anything that beautiful,” Beatty recalls. She invited him to take a walk along the beach, which he did. “It was more soulful than romantic.” Back in the house, he played the piano. (He’s a good pianist, by the way, enamored of jazz greats such as Erroll Garner.) Marilyn sat on the edge of the piano in something so clingy that Beatty could tell she wasn’t wearing underwear.
“How old are you ?” she asked.
“Twenty-five,” he answered. “And how old are you ?” he asked cheekily.
“Three. Six,” she said, as if not wanting to bring the two numbers together. By then, the tacos had arrived, and no one really played poker that night. Warren noticed that Marilyn was already a bit tipsy from champagne, even before the sun had set.
The next day, the producer Walter Mirisch’s brother Harold called. “Did you hear ?” he asked. “Marilyn Monroe is dead.” Warren was one of the last people to see Marilyn alive—a story that Beatty tells only reluctantly. He really is one of Hollywood’s most discreet people, in a town and an industry marinated in its own gossip.
EXCLUSIVE: Never-before-seen pictures of secretly pregnant Marilyn Monroe, who confided to her close friend that her Let's Make Love co-star Yves Montand was the baby's father - not husband Arthur Miller
Article published on 15 february 2017
online Daily Mail
- Marilyn Monroe's friend Frieda Hull kept the color pictures she took of Marilyn's baby bump private but were sold as part of Frieda's estate last year
- The pictures were taken in July, 1960 in New York City; Marilyn was 34 years old
- Marilyn and married French actor Yves Montand began working together on Let's Make Love in February of that year and their affair began soon after
- The images were the prized possession of Hull, who worked for Pan Am and became close to the star while part of a group of fans known as the Monroe Six
- Frieda dubbed the pictures ‘the pregnant slides’ – a reference to a shocking secret the screen siren kept right up until her death
- Tony Michaels, a friend and neighbor of Frieda's, bought the images at the ‘once-in-a-lifetime’ Marilyn Memorabilia Auction held by Julien’s Auctions in LA
- Michaels was told by Frieda that Marilyn lost the baby. ' It was never made clear whether that was by way of a miscarriage or even an abortion'
Extraordinary photographs purporting to show a secret pregnancy of film icon Marilyn Monroe can today be revealed for the first time.
The world exclusive images of the beautiful Some Like It Hot actress and model were sold as original color slides at an auction in Hollywood in November last year from the estate of well known Monroe confidante Frieda Hull.
But the stunning photos went under the radar, selling for a mere $2,240 with wealthy collectors not aware of their true significance.
Now DailyMail.com can reveal the six unique images were the prized possession of Monroe's loyal friend Hull, which she dubbed the ‘pregnant slides’ – a reference to a shocking secret the screen siren kept right up until her death.
The shots were taken on July 8, 1960, outside Fox Studios in New York after Monroe had completed costume and hair tests for her film The Misfits, starring Clark Gable and Montgomery Clift .
- Six photos of legendary film icon Marilyn Monroe taken by her friend Frieda Hull on July 8, 1960, outside Fox Studios in New York
- The images clearly show a prominent bump from Monroe’s belly which Hull claimed was evidence the star was in the early stages of pregnancy
- Monroe had wanted a baby more than anything in the world, but that joy was denied her. She had three miscarriages prior to losing this baby, all of which played out in the public eye
The images clearly show a prominent bump from Monroe’s belly which Hull claimed was evidence the star was in the early stages of pregnancy.
And DailyMail.com can reveal the would-be father was not Monroe's then husband, playwright Arthur Miller, it was in fact Italian-French actor Yves Montand – who she met on the set of film Let's Make Love and who she had a very public affair with.
DailyMail.com spoke to Tony Michaels, the man who bought the color slides at the ‘once-in-a-lifetime’ Marilyn Memorabilia Auction held by Julien’s Auctions in LA.
Tony, 56, was a close friend and next door neighbor of Frieda Hull before she passed.
He reveals that Hull had confided in him about Monroe’s secret pregnancy and claims the ‘pregnant slides’ are genuine evidence that she was with child.
And in an extraordinary and tragic Hollywood tale Tony says Monroe kept her pregnancy a secret from the world before 'losing' the baby during a hospital visit.
Tony told DailyMail.com: ‘Frieda was very proud of those slides and she was very proud to keep them a secret until the day she died.
‘But she told me the story behind them, that Marilyn got pregnant by Yves Montand.
‘It wasn’t a guess or a presumption, it was something she knew for sure, she was very close to Marilyn.
‘As far as she was concerned Marilyn was pregnant in the summer of 1960 and the slides prove it.’
Monroe had wanted a baby more than anything in the world, but that joy was denied her.
She had three miscarriages prior to losing this baby, all of which played out in the public eye. The star suffered with a condition called endometriosis her entire life that caused severe menstrual pain and she also struggled to conceive.
‘I suggested she sell the slides and all her other memorabilia so she could afford a better place to live, but again she refused, she said she would never sell out on her friend of ten years Marilyn.’
At Julien’s three day auction the Frieda Hull estate had 187 lots on sale.
Rare items from the archive included unseen color photos of Monroe as she sang ‘Happy Birthday’ for President John F. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden on May 19, 1962 as well as Frieda’s original ticket and program to the gala event; never-before-seen slides of Monroe on location as she filmed the now famous subway skirt-blowing scene for The Seven Year Itch and a large collection of many unpublished photos of Marilyn at the 1955 premiere of East of Eden.
Hull (circled) , who worked for Pan Am, became close to the star while part of a group of fans known as the Monroe Six who followed the star from place to place, here the star boarding a plane for Hollywood at Idlewild Airport in New York on February 25, 1956. One of the images in this set way signed by Marilyn: 'To Frieda Love & Kisses
In total, according to Julien’s, ‘The Frieda Hull Marilyn Monroe Photo Archive’ included over 550 color and black and white candid snapshots and photographs, over 150 color slides, nearly 750 movie stills, publicity photos and lobby cards, and personal home movies.
Even the camera Frieda had used to take the 'pregnant slides' as well as dozens of other photos of Marilyn - a Mercury II, model CX 35mm - went up for sale selling for a bid of $3,437.50.
Tony said: 'It was amazing stuff, Frieda had 14 Marilyn autographs, some went as high as $14,000.'
The provenance for all the lots – which sold for $433,000 - was simply that they came as part of the Frieda Hull estate.
Tony recalls: ‘Frieda had even gotten permission from Marilyn to get a couple of locks of hair from her hairdresser.
‘I’m not talking much, just small lots of hair, together the two locks of hair went for $72,700.
‘She also had a red scarf that Marilyn had given her in there.
‘But out of all the lots her prized possession was the six ‘pregnant slides’ as she called them.
'She talked about these to me all the time, they were very important to her.'
Julien's auctioneers decided not to mention the pregnancy claims when selling the slides.
As a result the slides went relatively unnoticed and Tony felt it his duty to snap them up, paying just $2,240 - a bargain given the back story now emerging.
Of course, the astonishing claims which will send Marilyn Monroe historians into a flap, cannot be proven - both Marilyn and Yves Montand are long dead.
But Tony's compelling account of what Frieda had confided in him is difficult to ignore.
And today he wants to tell Frieda’s story and how his long time friend was infatuated with Marilyn Monroe.
Speaking from his home in Las Vegas, the high stakes casino croupier told DailyMail.com: ‘I met Frieda over the wall in my back yard around 20 years ago around 1996, she was a neighbor and I introduced myself, she introduced herself and I invited her over for a prize fight.
‘I had ordered a pay for view fight that night and she had mentioned she was a fan of boxing and she came over with a bottle of Jack Daniels and drank me under the table.
‘She became my drinking partner and we became pretty good friends, she came to all the kid’s Little League games, if they had events, she went to all of them.
‘She became my kid’s surrogate grandmother because she had no family of her own.’
Frieda was never married and had no children so she ‘adopted’ many of the neighborhood children, including Tony’s two young boys Anthony and Andrew.
She was preceded in death by her brother, Thomas Hull; and her aunt, Elizabeth Hagen, but had no obvious heir when she died.
Tony said: ‘My family became very close to her. Frieda didn’t drive so we would take her grocery shopping or to her doctor’s appointments.
‘She was very generous, we’d go out to eat and she’d never let us pay for it, she liked to do a little gambling and loved sports, she was a die-hard fan of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Mets.
‘She was set in her ways and was never going to change her opinion about anything, She was a brutally honest person.
‘She was very warm hearted, especially to the under dog whether it was children or animals.
‘She loved Bing Crosby and Judy Garland, but she had an infatuation with Marilyn Monroe.’
Frieda is widely known to have been one of the ‘Monroe Six’ – a group of six friends based in New York City who followed the star all over America to take her photo.
As an employee of Pan Am Airlines Frieda was in the enviable position of being able to photograph Monroe on a regular basis.
The group learned of the screen siren's whereabouts by reading movie magazines and asking her hairdresser and would wait outside her hotel or home.
Tony said: ‘Frieda started out as a fan, almost like a stalker, her and five friends.
‘Then after a while Marilyn would recognize the kids and she came over and asked their names and they started a friendship.
‘When she would come in to town, for lack of a better word, they would kidnap her, put a scarf on her head and put sunglasses on her and they would go out and do things that Marilyn couldn’t do because she was too famous.
'They called her "Mazzi". It was a code name they had for her, so no one else would know who they were talking about.
‘She got to be a kid with the Monroe Six, they would go roller skating in Central Park or bike riding, just hang out.’
Eventually Monroe came to know each member of the group very well, even inviting them to the Roxbury, Connecticut home she shared with then husband Arthur Miller for a picnic.
Tony added: ‘To show you how gruff Frieda could be at times, the story went that Marilyn came over and took a potato chip off her plate and Frieda snapped and put her in her place, “don’t you ever do that, I don’t care who you are, or who you think you are, that’s rude, don’t do that”. From then on they were pretty close friends.
‘Every time we would get together, especially if we were drinking, I’d get to hear all the stories from Frieda.
‘Marilyn gave her a red scarf at one point and she worked for Pan Am so any time Marilyn came in to town Frieda would run out on to the tarmac and start taking pictures.
‘I told Frieda, you know you have all this stuff why don’t you sell it, you can get a better place.
‘But she said, “no I would never, I couldn’t capitalize on Marilyn’s death she was my friend”.
Tony lost contact with Frieda after he divorced his wife and moved out of the marital home, but he says his ex-wife and two sons kept in close contact with her.
The best friend of Tony’s sons, a man named Chris who asked for his last name to be left out of this article, was also close to Frieda and helped her in her dying months.
‘Chris visited her in the hospice and took care of her house, he did a great job of helping her put and Frieda was very thankful,’ said Tony.
As a result Chris was made the executor of the estate and took up Tony on his offer to help catalogue all her Marilyn Monroe memorabilia.
‘My kids were in the will as was my ex-wife, I was not. Frieda and I kind of had a falling out.
‘But I was still fond of her and her death was terribly sad.
'I helped catalogue Frieda’s Marilyn Monroe collection because over the years she had shown me most of it, I knew what to look for in her mountain of belongings.
'The first thing on my list was "The pregnant slides".
'She always called them that, she told me the father of the unborn child was Yves Montand, she told me the story of how Arthur got called away and Yves Montand's wife got called away and they stayed together in a Beverly Hills Hotel bungalow and they had an affair.'
Indeed the affair between Monroe and Montand has been widely discussed over the years.
Monroe and playwright husband Arthur Miller were staying in a luxury bungalow at the Beverly Hills Hotel, while the golden couple of French cinema, Simone Signoret and her husband Yves Montand were next door.
Monroe and Montand were starring in the George Cukor movie, Let's Make Love at the time.
Miller and Monroe's unhappy marriage made it easy for the star to stray.
Signoret famously said of Monroe: 'If Marilyn is in love with my husband it proves she has good taste, for I am in love with him too.'
Production on Let's Make Love, a movie starring Monroe and Montand, began in February 1960.
Soon after shooting got underway, their respective partners Miller and Signoret were called away from Los Angeles, leaving Monroe and Montand alone in Miller's Beverly Hills Hotel bungalow.
On March 8, 1960 Monroe received the Golden Globe Award for Best Comedy Actress for Some Like It Hot.
Could this be the night of conception? She would have been exactly four months pregnant in Hull's July 8, 'pregnant slides'.
In May, 1960 Miller found out about the affair and was very upset - his marriage to Monroe began to crumble.
Tony says that Frieda believed that when Marilyn went to hospital for ten days during the filming of The Misfits, it wasn't for acute exhaustion as was claimed at the time, it was for a nervous breakdown and possibly a miscarriage
By August that year they weren't speaking and Monroe moved out of a shared room with Miller at the Mapes Hotel in Reno.
In later years Montand admitted to the affair. 'I was crazy about my wife, but what can you do?' Montand recalled with a very French shrug.
Monroe died two years after Let's Make Love, at age 36.
Tony says he has meticulously researched the time period when Frieda claimed Monroe was pregnant and claims photographs taken at the time show the development of the child between two of her movies.
'Let's Make Love, you can see towards the end that she could be pregnant and she went right in to the The Misfits, Arthur Miller's play that he wrote for her,' he says.
'Then right at the end of The Misfits there's no sign of a pregnancy.'
Tony says that Frieda believed that when Marilyn went to hospital for ten days during the filming of The Misfits, it wasn't for acute exhaustion as was claimed at the time, it was for a nervous breakdown and possibly a miscarriage.
'She just told me Marilyn was pregnant in those photos and I believed her. I don't think she'd tell me that on a hunch, she knew.
Speaking from his home in Las Vegas, the high stakes casino croupier told DailyMail.com: ‘I met Frieda over the wall in my back yard around 20 years ago around 1996, she was a neighbor and I introduced myself, she introduced herself and I invited her over for a prize fight
'Frieda believed that it wasn't exhaustion that landed her in hospital, she said it was a nervous breakdown and she lost her baby.
'And all she told me was that Marilyn has lost the baby, it was never made clear whether that was by way of a miscarriage or even an abortion, and I never thought to press her on it.'
Tony says he bought the photos because he knew their history as 'The pregnant slides', while no one else did.
'Now I think that the story needs to be told,' he added.
Tony says he kicks himself that he didn't quiz Frieda more on her time with Marilyn.
She would often share gems of information and fascinating stories with him, more often than not when they shared a drink together.
'Frieda worshipped Marilyn, she loved her. She wouldn't give up anything after she died,' he said.
Frieda, originally from Brooklyn, NY, and just four years younger than Monroe, died of natural causes aged 83 in 2014.
She had retired from Pan Am and came out to Las Vegas where she enjoyed the occasional flutter in the Vegas casinos, loved watching sports and lived a solitary life with her lap dog Bobby, who died before she did.
An online obituary posted locally in Las Vegas read: 'Frieda Elizabeth Hull, of Las Vegas, passed June 22, 2014... She was one of the most interesting, wonderful and kind-hearted people the world has ever known.'
The obituary mentioned her bond with her old friend: 'She was a good friend to Marilyn Monroe and loved sharing stories and private photos of the icon.'
And it ended poignantly: 'She lived a long and beautiful life, dying at 83 years old... She was an amazing woman and I could only hope to be half the person she was. "We love you and you will be greatly missed."'
Chanel n°5, crème Nivea et huile d'olive : les secrets de beauté de Marilyn Monroe
Article publié le 21/12/2016
en ligne sur Madame Figaro
Dans les années cinquante, les stars avaient des habitudes beauté plus ou moins déroutantes. Zoom sur la routine soin et maquillage de Marilyn Monroe.
Si la légende retient que Marilyn Monroe dormait seulement avec quelques gouttes de Chanel n°5, l’actrice avait d’autres habitudes beauté beaucoup moins connues. Pour préserver son teint laiteux, l’actrice se protégeait du soleil et ne s’exposait jamais aux rayons UV sans protection. De plus, Norma Jeane Mortenson était obsédée par l’hydratation, afin d’obtenir un teint glowy qui accroche parfaitement la lumière, notamment au cinéma. C’est pourquoi, comme l’explique un article de Vogue us, elle utilisait la célèbre crème Nivea comme base de maquillage pour se concocter un teint pâle. La star soignait également sa peau avec de l’huile d’olive et était une amatrice de la crème très riche de huit heures d’Elizabeth Arden. Son habitude quotidienne plutôt originale ? Plonger son visage dans de l’eau très chaude chaque soir. Une astuce surprenante héritée du dermatologue star de l’époque, le docteur Erno Lazlo.
Le contouring avant l’heure
Pour sa mise en beauté, Marilyn Monroe était d’une grande exigence. Son maquilleur attitré, Allan "Whitey" Snyder, avait coutume d’utiliser de la vaseline ou de l’huile de coco en guise d’enlumineur sur les pommettes et les tempes de l’actrice. Cette dernière voulait également qu’on lui en applique sur les paupières afin qu’elles soient brillantes. La star était, de plus, une adepte du contouring, une technique de maquillage qui n'appartient donc pas à Kim Kardashian. Comme le rapporte le site du magazine américain Marie-Claire, Marilyn demandait à son maquilleur d’appliquer cinq teintes différentes de rouges à lèvres et de gloss pour se créer une bouche plus charnue. Le sombre s’appliquait sur les coins extérieurs et le contour, les teintes clairs au milieu de la bouche. Enfin, pour un regard de biche, l’héroïne de Certains l'aiment chaud utilisait un recourbe cils, le mascara de Helena Rubinstein et des faux cils. Un make-up qui n'a finalement pas pris une ride.
Les produis de beauté cultes de Marilyn Monroe
-- MAX FACTOR --
-- ELIZABETH ARDEN --
-- AROMA-ZONE --
-- REVLON --
-- HELENA RUBINSTEIN --
-- THE BODY SHOP --
-- VASELINE --
The Lost Footage of Marilyn Monroe
That film image of Ms. Monroe’s skirt rising high in a gust of air? It’s a reshoot of a discarded and more risqué scene seldom seen until now.
published in January 13, 2017
by HELENE STAPINSKIJAN
en ligne sur nytimes.com
A still of Marilyn Monroe filming “The Seven Year Itch” on the Upper East Side from the found footage of Jules Schulback, a furrier and avid taker of home movies.
Credit Jules Schulback, via Bonnie Siegler
It happened one night in the late summer of 1954.
Jules Schulback, a New York furrier and taker of home movies, heard that Marilyn Monroe would be on the Upper East Side of Manhattan filming scenes again for her new picture, “The Seven Year Itch.” Two days earlier, Mr. Schulback had taken footage of her with his 16-millimeter Bolex movie camera around the corner from his townhouse apartment.
So he grabbed the camera — the one usually used for family picnics and parades and the stuff of everyday life — and headed over to the subway grate in front of Wright’s Food shop, just down the street from the Trans-Lux movie theater on Lexington Avenue and 52nd Street.
Though it was around 1 a.m., a large crowd had already gathered, mostly newspaper photographers and curious men waiting to see Marilyn. The movie studio and the director, Billy Wilder, had counted on this, inviting the press and the public to drum up buzz for the new movie, which starred Ms. Monroe as “the Girl Upstairs,” who entices a middle-aged executive, played by Tom Ewell, while his wife is away with the kids for the summer.
Mr. Schulback captured Billy Wilder, the director of “The Seven Year Itch,”
with Ms. Monroe in the background in her famous dress,
accessorized by a white clutch and a red-and-white scarf.
Credit Jules Schulback, via Bonnie Siegler
In the famous street scene, the two are leaving the movies as Ms. Monroe pauses over a grate to enjoy the breeze from the subway as it blows up her dress on a hot summer night. “Isn’t it delicious ?” she purrs. The breeze came from a large fan under the grate operated by the film’s special effects chief. The night — Sept. 15 — was actually quite chilly. But the stunt worked. It became known as “the shot seen around the world.”
But there was a dark subtext to the comedy. Gathered at that late hour were hundreds of gawkers, almost all men, who catcalled and yelled things like, “Higher! Higher !” as Ms. Monroe’s dress blew up over her head. For two hours, the men watched from surrounding buildings and from the street.
“Unfortunately, one of them was her husband, Joe DiMaggio,” Mr. Wilder is quoted as saying in his biography, “Nobody’s Perfect.” “And he didn’t like what he saw, or what everyone else was seeing.”
Mr. DiMaggio hadn’t planned on visiting the set that night, and was waiting for his wife at the St. Regis Hotel, where the couple were staying. But the columnist Walter Winchell had persuaded him to come along. Ms. Monroe was not happy her husband had shown up. But he was even more unhappy and angrily stormed off. Later that night the couple had a screaming fight in their room. The next morning, her hairdresser covered up Ms. Monroe’s bruises with makeup. Three weeks later, Ms. Monroe filed for divorce.
Mr. Wilder never used the Lexington Avenue footage and reshot the scene on a closed lot in Hollywood, though photographs of that night appeared everywhere. Except for some brief, grainy shots from a newsreel covering the divorce, footage from that night was never screened.
“The footage immediately disappeared,” Mr. Wilder said in the biography. “But one day I’m sure some film scholar will dig it up.”
A filmstrip discovered in a shopping bag filled with home movies offers a rare glimpse of
Marilyn Monroe in color in New York.
By JULES SCHULBACK, VIA BONNIE SIEGLER
The story of the night Marilyn Monroe’s white halter-top dress blew up was well known among Jules Schulback’s children, and even among his grandchildren. His granddaughter Bonnie Siegler said he bragged from time to time about his personal film shoot with Marilyn.
“He was a real raconteur,” said Ms. Siegler, a graphic designer who runs her own company, Eight and a Half. “I didn’t know if the story was real.” But even though she had never seen it, she often told people that her grandfather had footage of Marilyn Monroe on the subway grate.
Ms. Siegler’s older sister, Rayna Dineen, said her grandfather, whom they called Opi (a German term of endearment), was rarely without his camera. “He would be filming everywhere, all the time.” There were reels of vacations, family picnics, birthday parties and bar mitzvahs. He had even filmed a 12-minute day in the life of his daughters, depicting them waking up, brushing their teeth and going to school.
“But the Marilyn story was one of his favorite stories to tell,” Ms. Dineen said.
It was just one of dozens of amazing tales. Mr. Schulback had a long, technicolorful life, one so filled with drama that his Monroe story sometimes seemed like a footnote.
In 1938, Mr. Schulback had argued with his family in Germany that Adolf Hitler was much more dangerous than anyone thought. According to Ms. Siegler, his family believed that Hitler’s hate speech was simply rhetoric, and that he wouldn’t act on anything he was saying. Mr. Schulback, 25 at the time, urged them to pack their bags and leave Berlin with him. But they resisted, opting to wait and see how things developed, never imagining the horror that awaited them and millions of other European Jews.
Mr. Schulback was not taking any chances.
In 1938, Jews immigrating to the United States needed a sponsor, someone to take financial responsibility for them. Mr. Schulback sold everything he had, bought an expensive suit, booked passage on the Queen Mary, reserved a room at the Plaza and headed to America to find a sponsor for him and his wife, Edith, and their daughter Helen, who was then a toddler.
“He was like: ‘I’m your lost, rich relative. I won’t be a burden.’ But he had no money. He played it,” Ms. Siegler said. He secured a signature, then returned to collect his family, but was stopped trying to enter Nazi Germany by a suspicious border guard. Knowing the Germans were big fans of the 1934 Clark Gable hit, “It Happened One Night,” Mr. Schulback told the guard he was the distributor for Mr. Gable’s new movie. He claimed that if he couldn’t enter the country, neither would the film. “The guy was like, ‘Oh, we love Clark Gable,’ and waved him through,” Ms. Siegler said.
Mr. Schulback grabbed Edith and Helen, again imploring his other relatives to leave, and escaped back to the United States with a few suitcases, claiming to the Nazi immigration officers that his family was going on vacation. The date was Nov. 8, the day before Kristallnacht.
In Berlin, he had been a furrier, and his shop was destroyed that night. His remaining family — four sisters, parents and in-laws — would all perish in the Holocaust.
The United States was good to Mr. Schulback. He and his family lived a happy, successful life in New York, much of it preserved in his home movies.
As a child, Ms. Siegler loved going to her grandfather’s Upper East Side apartment not just because of his great stories and sense of humor, but also because he lived opposite the New York Doll Hospital. From his apartment window, she could see the buckets of doll eyes and doll arms. “It was really intense,” she said.
When Edith had a stroke in the 1970s, she was given only a few weeks to live. But Mr. Schulback, always a man of action, refused to let his wife die in the hospital and took her home. The couple moved into the ground-floor apartment of a building around the corner, and Mr. Schulback became her nurse. “Half her body was paralyzed, she couldn’t speak,” Ms. Siegler said. “But he loved her and took care of her for 26 years until she finally died.”
After 35 years in that same apartment, Mr. Schulback — who had been president of the 61st Street Block Association — was forced to leave. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation had bought the townhouse where he lived and the one behind it and wanted to reconfigure the property. So Ms. Siegler and her husband, Jeff Scher, helped move her 92-year-old grandfather to a new place on the other side of Central Park.
In 2004, in the arduous packing up of Mr. Schulback’s home, the couple came across a big stash of film. It was stored in a back room that the family called “Opi’s fur room,” where Mr. Schulback had once assembled garments from animal pelts for his business. “No one ever wanted to go back there,” Ms. Siegler said. “But when we went in, we found this plastic bag filled with just tons of film, home movies, bought movies and everything mixed together.”
Ms. Siegler’s husband, an experimental filmmaker, couldn’t wait to screen the films. He was particularly interested in seeing whether Marilyn and the subway grate footage actually existed. “It was like this family myth,” Mr. Scher said. “So long rumored and never confirmed.”
The same was true for its source material. For decades, innuendo swirled around the Lexington Avenue shoot for “The Seven Year Itch.” Ms. Monroe and Mr. DiMaggio had married that January and had already had a bumpy ride, the Yankee Clipper enraged by her exhibitionism and by rumors of infidelity, according to Lois W. Banner, the author of the 2012 biography “Marilyn: The Passion and the Paradox.”
“She was having an affair with her musical director at the time, and everyone knew about it in the business,” said Dr. Banner, a professor emeritus of history and gender studies at the University of Southern California. So before he even arrived on set, there was tension. “DiMaggio,” Dr. Banner said, “was not happy with Marilyn.”
There are several theories as to why the footage from that night was never used. Some believe the Manhattan shoot was done purely as a publicity stunt, which was made even more sensational when Mr. DiMaggio showed up. Some biographers say the enthusiastic crowd was just too noisy, making the film unusable.
A third theory was that the footage was too risqué and Ms. Monroe wanted to shoot a more demure version, so as not to further infuriate her husband. There was even talk at the time that she wasn’t wearing any underwear. Mr. Wilder tried to put those rumors to rest in his biography. She had put on not just one, but two sets of underwear, he said.
Before the billowing-skirt scene, Mr. Schulback filmed Ms. Monroe in a terry robe
greeting fans and members of the press on the stoop of 164 East 61st Street.
Credit Jules Schulback, via Bonnie Siegler
Dr. Banner said all three reasons quite likely played into the final decision to reshoot. “But the photographs of that night had gone viral by the time the film was being put together,” she said, “and played a great role in her fame.” The skirt-blowing scene used in the finished film is incredibly brief and tame. The image many people have of that moment comes from the press shots and publicity stills in New York, and not from the finished movie.
Back in the pelt room of Mr. Schulback’s apartment, Mr. Scher excitedly gathered up the old metal film canisters. None were labeled, Mr. Scher recalled. Some of the film was off the reel and sitting there like big balls of spaghetti, as if there had been a projector mishap years ago.
Later that night in his studio in the couple’s apartment on West 16th Street, Mr. Scher slowly and carefully wound the film, since some of it was very brittle and in danger of breaking. He did a few repairs and then began looking at it using a light box, spooling it from reel to reel by hand. There were about 50 rolls of 16-millimeter film and around 75 rolls of 8 millimeter.
There were the family outings and parades. The birthdays and bar mitzvahs.
And there, amid the mundane scenes of precious everyday life, was Marilyn Monroe, in crisp, colorful Kodachrome. “This stuff just popped out,” Mr. Scher said. “It was real! Preserved like the home movies are, too. Just these moments in time.”
Mr. Scher could clearly see the actress’s dress billowing up. “Like a parachute with a pair of legs attached,” he said. “It was startling. Like seeing a myth materialize.”
It was a shadow version of lost footage amid home movies of a family that almost certainly wouldn’t have existed had the Schulbacks stayed in Germany.
Mr. Scher called out to his wife: “It’s really here!” They watched all 3 minutes 17 seconds in amazement.
“There was something so magical about it,” Ms. Siegler said. “For years I didn’t know if it was real. I certainly didn’t believe it wholeheartedly. And there it was. It was like the end of the story.”
The film starts with a spliced-in intertitle that reads “World Premiere,” Mr. Schulback’s little inside joke.
And then there is Marilyn Monroe, in a white terry robe, coming down the stoop of a white-shuttered building at 164 East 61st Street, between Lexington and Third Avenues. It was the earlier scene — before the subway grate footage — that Mr. Schulback had shot. Cameramen and press photographers are gathered outside as the actress smiles and waves.
Cut to Ms. Monroe in a second-floor window wearing a slip and blow-drying her hair. Mr. Ewell walks down the street and into the building. The film cuts inexplicably to 30 seconds of what must be a Shriners parade in Manhattan, then jumps to another intertitle, which reads “Our Baby.”
And suddenly, there is Ms. Monroe again, this time on the subway grate in that famously fluttering white dress, holding a matching white clutch in her right hand and a red-and-white-striped scarf in her left.
Mr. Schulback was incredibly close, filming right behind Mr. Wilder’s shoulder, stopping to wind his hand-held camera every 25 seconds. Now and then, a silhouette of the director’s arm intrudes into Mr. Schulback’s crystal-clear shot. At one point Mr. Wilder, in a fedora, passes across the frame. Ms. Monroe gets into position and yawns, while the cinematographer sets up the camera. Through a gap in the film crew, Mr. Schulback captures just her face, looking off to the left, serious and unsmiling.
Then Mr. Ewell is there, chatting with Ms. Monroe, who pushes him into position. The dress flutters again, Ms. Monroe holds it down, bending slightly, smiling and talking to Mr. Ewell, but it flutters up some more and she laughs, her head thrown back. It blows up again, but she doesn’t push it down this time, and it flies up over her head, clearly revealing two pairs of underwear that, because of the bright lights, do not protect Ms. Monroe’s modesty quite as much as she might have liked.
Then, as suddenly as she appeared, Marilyn is gone, and the film reverts to home-movie mode: Edith Schulback walking on the grass at a family outing in the country. It’s like being shaken from some crazy dream, back to reality.
Interest in that moment in film history from more than 50 years ago endures. The new movie musical starring Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone, “La La Land,” makes brief filmic reference to it in the opening number, with a young dancer’s yellow dress blowing up. And a Snickers commercial from the Super Bowl last year stars Willem Dafoe, Eugene Levy and a computer-generated Monroe on the famous set. “It’s that iconic image,” said Dr. Banner, the Monroe biographer. “People are still fascinated by the context in which it all happened.”
After screening the film with her husband, Ms. Siegler immediately told her grandfather that she had found the footage. “I was so excited about it — more for the reason that his story was true.” She shrugged. “But he never had any doubts.” Mr. Schulback moved in 2005 and died six months later.
Ms. Siegler and Mr. Scher made a print and screened it for about 100 people in 2004 at the upstate home of their friends Kurt Andersen and his wife, Anne Kreamer. The two couples had started a small film festival for neighbors and friends, hanging a sheet on the side of a barn and serving popcorn, ice pops and beer.
The people in the audience that summer night had no idea what they were in for.
“That scene is one of the most iconic scenes in American cinema,” said Mr. Andersen, an author, radio host and a founder of Spy magazine. “So to have film of it actually being shot, it’s like watching the Zapruder film. It’s just extraordinary.”
The crowd that evening sat in silence as Marilyn Monroe’s dress blew up on the side of the barn. “People were gob-smacked,” Mr. Andersen said. “They were like, ‘What did I just see ?’”
That was the only time anyone outside the family had seen the film. Until now.
Correction: January 13, 2017
An earlier version of this article misspelled the surname of the writer who screened the Marilyn Monroe home movie in his backyard. He is Kurt Andersen, not Anderson
> video 1
> video 2 (plans en rapproché)
> captures dans les articles du blog:
screen caps on the articles in the blog:
13/09/1954 Sur le tournage de The Seven Year Itch 15 - partie 2
13/09/1954 Sur le tournage de The Seven Year Itch 15 - partie 1
15/09/1954 NYC - Sur le tournage de The Seven Year Itch scène 11
See Marilyn Monroe Giggle Through Her Wedding Reception, Movie Rehearsals, and More in Long-Lost Film
Watch photographer Milton H. Greene’s lost footage of his most famous muse.
published in July 12, 2016
by Julie Miller
en ligne sur vanityfair.com
Fine-art fashion photographer Milton H. Greene captured some of the greatest stars of the 1950s and 1960s in his enduring portraits, including Grace Kelly, Elizabeth Taylor, Cary Grant, Sophia Loren, Audrey Hepburn, and Paul Newman. But it was Greene’s portraits of Marilyn Monroe—his muse, friend, onetime roommate, and professional collaborator—for which he is most famous.
The two met in 1953—the same year Monroe appeared on-screen in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes—when Greene photographed the bombshell for Look magazine. Photographer and subject bonded, and their relationship over the next few years yielded one production company (Marilyn Monroe Productions, whose titles include The Prince and the Showgirl), a memoir, and over 50 photo sessions.
Beginning July 16, the Morrison Hotel Gallery at the Sunset Marquis Hotel will display some of Greene’s never-before-seen photos from these sessions in its “Some Like It Hot” exhibit. The presentation will also feature 16-mm-film footage (previewed above), showing Monroe in rare and relaxed form—mostly out of the spotlight. Among the moments Greene captured: a cheerful Monroe kissing her third husband, Arthur Miller, and greeting guests at the couple’s 1956 wedding reception; Monroe performing a musical number in the 1956 romantic comedy Bus Stop; and the beauty preening between the sheets for an intimate photo shoot.
In a statement to Vanity Fair, Joshua Greene said of his father’s work, “There was an elegance to the simplicity of the sessions. Milton was not afraid to be vulnerable with his subjects, which created confidence and trust between them.”
Photographer and Morrison Hotel Gallery co-owner Timothy White added of Greene and Monroe, “They spent a lot of time together and she often ran to Milton and his family for an escape from the pressures of Hollywood. With that trust came the access and opportunity for Milton to be with her and to photograph her freely. He became a trusted confidant who always had his still and movie camera with him as he documented her life.”
“Seeing this film footage for the first time gives you the chills,” continues White. “They’re like home movies, yet one of the biggest stars of our time has obviously let her guard down and allows Milton to film her most playful, private, and important moments in her life. . . . It’s a window into something we've never before seen . . . but always wanted to.”
The “Some Like It Hot” exhibit will continue through July 24 (2016).
> extrait d'un JT américain - interview de Timothy White
et images des séquences tournées par Greene avec
des images inédites du mariage de Marilyn avec Miller
extract of US news - interview of Timothy White
and footages of Greene's home movies with unseen images
of Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller's wedding
> retrouvez les captures dans l'article consacré au mariage:
find all the screen caps on the article dedicated to the wedding:
1/07/1956 Cérémonie Juive Mariage Marilyn et Arthur
All photos are copyright and protected by their respective owners.
copyright text by GinieLand.